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References

Human Research Program Introduction

Human Research Roadmap
Risk reduction strategy for human space exploration, including current risks, gaps, tasks, and evidence

NASA Task Book
Database of research projects supported by the Human Research Program and other NASA programs

Human Research Program 2016 Fiscal year Annual Report
Report discussing annual research highlights for each Element

Human Research Program Requirements Document Revision G (2015)
Contains Design Reference Mission information

Translational Research Institute

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements

Radiation Exposures in Space and the Potential of Central Nervous System Effects-Committee SC-1-24

Published
NCRP Commentary No. 23 (2014)
Radiation Protection for Space Activities: Supplement to Previous Recommendations

NCRP Report No. 167 (2010)
Potential Impact of Individual Genetic Susceptibility and Previous Radiation Exposure on Radiation Risk for Astronauts

NCRP Report No. 153 (2006)
Information Needed to Make Radiation Protection Recommendations for Space Missions Beyond Low-Earth Orbit

NCRP Report No. 142 (2002)
Operational Radiation Safety Program for Astronauts in Low-Earth Orbit: A Basic Framework

NCRP Report No. 137 (2001)
Fluence-Based and Microdosimetric Event-Based Methods for Radiation Protection in Space

NCRP Report No. 132 (2000) - Current basis for NASA Standard 2001 limits
Radiation Protection Guidance for Activities in Low-Earth Orbit

NCRP Report No. 98 (1989)
Radiation Guidance on Radiation Received in Space Activities

Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks: 2016 Letter Report
National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Publication (2016)

NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Restoring NASA's Technological Edge and Paving the Way for a New Era in Space
National Academy of Sciences Publication (2012)

Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation
National Academy of Sciences Publication (2012)

Managing Space Radiation Risk in the New Era of Space Exploration
National Academy of Sciences Publication (2008)

Review of NASA's Exploration Technology Development: An Interim Report
National Academy of Sciences Publication (2008)

Review of NASA's Plans for the International Space Station
National Academy of Sciences Publication (2006)

Issues and Opportunities Regarding the U.S. Space Program: A Summary Report of a National Workshop on Space Policy
National Academy of Sciences Publication (2004)

Review of NASA's Longitudinal Study of Astronaut Health
National Academy of Sciences Publication (2004)

Review of NASA's Biomedical Research Program
National Academy of Sciences Publication (2000)

Radiation and the International Space Station: Recommendations to Reduce Risk
National Academy of Sciences Publication (2000)

In order to simulate the heavy ions of galactic cosmic rays found beyond the protective atmosphere of the Earth, researchers use particle accelerators to expose cells, tissues, and animals to irradiation by ions, protons, and neutrons. They also use irradiation to test shielding materials.
Facilities used in space radiation research include many supported by the U.S. Department of Energy.
Accelerators and facilities
Brookhaven National Laboratory
NASA Space Radiation Laboratory
Electron Beam Ion Source
Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Large Hadron Collider
High Energy Physics
Low Dose Program
NASA/DOE Low Dose Grants

Additional domestic and international facilities used by NASA space radiation investigators include the following:
Loma Linda University Medical Center
Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt, Germany
National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), Chiba, Japan

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